1973 – 2019: A Complete Evolution of Mobile and Mobile Apps

October 1, 2019
Mobile-Mobile_Apps -Evolution-History

Are you wondering what people are doing with their mobile phones? Well, 90% of the time is spent on mobile apps.

We use apps to chat with friends, order food, purchase clothes, pay taxes and for lots of other stuff. On the whole, mobile applications have become an essential part of our life.

So, have you noticed the evolution of mobiles and mobile apps or is it just us?

Today, we are going to talk about the history of mobiles and mobile applications and try to understand how they became the center of our attention in a short period of time.

1973

Martin Cooper invented the first handheld cellular mobile phone

1976

Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne

1979

Japan launched the first automated cellular network which was available for cars. It is now called as 1G

1983

Motorola DynaTAC 8000X was the first commercially available cell phone

1989

EPOC, a mobile operating system developed by Psion was released

1991

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) phone launched 2G digital cellular networks

1992

The first GSM phone, the Nokia 1011, was made commercially available

1993

First smartphone was announced for general use by IBM

1993

Apple’s first “tablet” the MessagePad was introduced

1994

IBM’s smartphone Simon went on sale which featured a touchscreen, email capability and built-in apps such as Address Book, Calculator, Calendar, Mail, Note Pad, and Sketch Pad

1994

Nokia also launched 2110 in Europe, it was one of the smallest GSM phones available

1997

PalmPilot was introduced which proved wanted a third type of mobile device between a cell phone and a laptop

1999

Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) was introduced

1999

Blackberry OS was released and made its debut for the Pager BlackBerry 850

1999

Handango, one of the first online software stores to sell mobile apps for personal digital assistants was founded

1999

The “web application” concept was introduced in the Java language in the Servlet Specification version 2.2

2000

Microsoft introduced the tablet PC

2002

BlackBerry 5810 smartphone was released

2002

Danger OS (The Danger Hiptop) was established

2003

Android Inc. was founded in California by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White

2004

GetJar, an independent mobile phone app store founded

2005

Google acquired Android Inc. for at least $50 million

2005

The term Ajax was coined, and applications like Gmail started to make their client sides more interactive

2007

Steve Jobs introduced the long-anticipated iPhone

2008

Apple’s App Store went online with 552 apps

2008

Android operating system was released

2008

HTC Dream the first commercially released device to use the Linux-based Android operating system was released along with the Android market

2008

Backlash from developers prompted Apple to release SDK for developers

2009

Android paid applications support was introduced for developers in the United States and the United Kingdom

2009

webOS, also known as LG webOS was introduced. It is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system for smart devices like smart TVs has been used as a mobile operating system

2009

Samsung Galaxy app store for devices manufactured by Samsung Electronics was launched

2009

Aptoide, a software “marketplace” application for installing mobile applications that runs on the Android OS was released

2009

250 million devices were running Symbian

2009

JavaFX Script was a scripting language designed by Sun Microsystems was released

2009

JavaFX Mobile was publicly available as part of the JavaFX 1.1 release announced by Sun Microsystems

2010

F-Droid, a community-maintained software repository for Android, similar to the Google Play store was released

2010

Blackberry World, an application distribution service was released

2010

Android paid applications support was extended to an additional 29 countries

2010

BlackBerry Ltd. announced the QNX-based platform, BlackBerry Tablet OS, to run on its recently released BlackBerry PlayBook tablet computer

2010

Apple announced the Mac App Store, a similar app distribution platform for macOS

2010

iPad was released with approximately 3,000 apps available

2010

Java ME, designed by Sun Microsystems was acquired by Oracle Corporation

2011

The word ‘App’ was awarded the honor of being 2010’s “Word of the Year”

2011

Amazon Appstore for Android was established

2011

Opera Mobile Store, a platform-independent browser-based app store for mobile-phone owners and a digital application distribution platform was launched

2011

Appland, a cloud computing company that develops white-label app store solutions for mobile operators, mobile devices etc was founded

2011

Cafe Bazaar an Iranian Android marketplace was founded

2012

Google rebranded the Android Market and launched ‘Google Play’

2012

Google allowed increased size of an app by allowing developers to attach two expansions. Each expansion file with a maximum size of 2 gigabytes, giving app developers a total of 4 gigabytes

2012

Google introduced a new automated antivirus system, called Google Bouncer, to scan both new and existing apps for malware

2012

Microsoft store, a unified distribution point for apps, digital videos, digital music, and console games and e-books was launched

2013

Firefox Marketplace was established

2013

Apple informed developers that they could begin using appstore.com for links to their apps

2013

Apple announced an upcoming “Kids” section in App Store

2013

Ubuntu App Store was established

2014

Developers on Google Play were required to feature a physical address on the app’s page in Google Play

2014

Wear OS by Google, a version of Google’s Android operating system designed for smartwatches and other wearables was released

2015

Google started using a combination of automated tools and human reviewers to check apps for malware and terms of service violations before publishing it in the Play Store. It also introduced a rating system for apps and games, based on a given region’s official ratings authority

2016

Google Play Store, including all Android apps, was included to Chrome OS

2016

To improve app discoverability, Apple allowed developers to purchase advertising spots in the US App Store

2016

Google introduced Instant Apps at the company’s annual I/O developer conference

2016

Java ME was replaced with similar technology, PersonalJava

2017

Google added a “Free App of the Week” section, offering one normally-paid app for free

2017

App Store submissions containing pricing details, such as “free” in the name started getting rejected

2018

Notable custom Android distributions (ROMs) of the latest Android version 9.0 Pie was released publicly

2018

Due to Chinese regulations, 25,000 illegal apps were pulled down from the App Store in China

2018

With the release of JDK 11, Oracle has made JavaFX part of the OpenJDK under the OpenJFX project

2019

As of May, 78.9% of devices have OpenGL ES 3.0 or higher

2019

Huawei has released an operating system known as Harmony OS

The Bottom Line

Mobile applications are constantly evolving and it will not stop in the near future. They are kind of a big deal and occupying a dominant position. To stay relevant, it is important to have a dedicated mobile app for your business.

Developing mobile apps require a devoted team of developers because of the investment, time and intricacy involved in developing an app. Fortunately, ColorWhistle can help you with your mobile app development needs. From defining business goals to roadmaps, we can support your business with all the customization required to develop an awesome mobile app. Contact us anytime to discuss your mobile app requirements, we are always happy to help!

About the Author - Anjana

I’m a full-time Copywriter at ColorWhistle managing content-related projects. I also write about website technologies, digital marketing and industries such as travel. Plus, I have an unhealthy addiction towards online marketing, watching crime shows and chocolates. Mmmmm…chocolates!

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